Understanding Uterine Fibroids

What are Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Causes?

Your well-being is instrumental, and knowing about uterine fibroids, a common benign uterine pathology, is crucial for maintaining your gynecological health. Here, you’ll find specific facts related to to fibroid symptoms and causes.

Definition and Prevalence

Fibroids, which are growths made predominantly of muscle and fibrous tissue, represent a condition affecting a significant portion of women. It’s estimated that up to 80% of women will develop fibroids by the age of 50. Uterine fibroids usually form in or on the wall of the uterus, and their size can vary greatly, from undetectable by the human eye to large masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus.

Benign Nature of Fibroids

While the term “tumors” often elicits concern, uterine fibroids are benign, meaning they are noncancerous. Their growth is generally slow, and they do not spread to other parts of the body. Despite being benign, fibroids can still cause a range of symptoms and may need treatment if they significantly impact your quality of life.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids can manifest through a range of symptoms, significantly impacting your day-to-day life and reproductive health. While some fibroids cause no symptoms, many women experience noticeable, often uncomfortable signs.

Common Symptomatic Manifestations

Your experience with uterine fibroids may vary, but common symptoms typically include:

  • Pelvic Pressure or Pain: A feeling of fullness or pressure in the pelvic area.
  • Frequent Urination: The urge to urinate more often than usual, potentially with difficulty in emptying the bladder.
  • Enlarged Abdomen: A noticeable increase in the size of your lower abdomen.
  • Constipation: Difficulty having bowel movements due to the fibroids pressing on the rectum.

Bleeding and Discomfort

Uterine bleeding patterns and pain are key indicators of fibroids:

  • Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: Intense bleeding during periods is a hallmark of fibroids.
  • Prolonged Periods: Your periods may last longer than a week.
  • Pain During Intercourse: Discomfort or pain during sex, often due to fibroids disturbing the natural anatomy.

Impact on Fertility and Pregnancy

Fibroids can affect your reproductive capabilities in several ways:

  • Fertility Challenges: Fibroids can interfere with embryo implantation or block the fallopian tubes.
  • Pregnancy Complications: If you’re pregnant, fibroids can sometimes lead to issues such as increased risk of cesarean section or preterm birth.

Diagnosis of Fibroids

To diagnose uterine fibroids, healthcare providers use clinical evaluations as well as imaging techniques to detect the presence and assess the characteristics of fibroids within the uterine cavity.

Clinical Examination

During your pelvic exam, your doctor will check for irregularities in the shape of your uterus, which may indicate fibroids. Fibroids during a pelvic exam are often discovered by feeling for changes in the uterine shape that suggest these growths.

Imaging and Confirmation

To confirm that you have fibroids, various imaging methods are utilized. An ultrasound is a primary tool used to look for fibroids; it can provide images of the inside of the uterus. It can also identify fibroids within the uterine cavity, as well as determine their size and exact location. Additional imaging tests, such as MRI, might be recommended for more detailed visuals, especially if the fibroids are large or if surgery is being considered for treatment.

Causes and Risk Factors

Understanding the causes and risk factors for uterine fibroids is essential in managing your health. Fibroids can develop without clear reasons, and while they are most often benign, their presence can lead to significant discomfort and complications.

Etiology of Fibroid Development

The exact causes of fibroids, which are noncancerous growths of the uterus, remain complex and multifaceted. One prevailing theory suggests that each fibroid may arise from a stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus (myometrium). Hormones like estrogen and progesterone, which prepare the lining of your uterus for pregnancy, seem to promote the growth of fibroids by increasing the production of connective tissue.

Demographic and Lifestyle Contributors

Your risk of developing fibroids varies based on several demographic and lifestyle factors:

  • Age: Fibroids are most often found in women of childbearing age.
  • Ethnicity: Black women tend to be at a higher risk and are diagnosed at younger ages.
  • Family History: Having a family member with fibroids increases your risk.
  • Obesity: Higher body weight is associated with an increased risk.
  • Diet: Consuming foods high in red meat and lower in green vegetables, fruit, and dairy may increase your risk.
  • Blood Pressure: High blood pressure is linked to a higher risk of fibroids.

Many women experience no symptoms of fibroids, indicating that the presence of fibroids alone is not cause for alarm. However, monitoring your health for changes is prudent, especially if you possess risk factors.

Treatment Strategies for Uterine Fibroids

When considering the treatment for uterine fibroids, your choices largely depend on the symptoms you’re experiencing, the size of the fibroids, your desire for children, and your personal preferences. Treatment options for fibroids range from medical interventions to more invasive surgical solutions.

Medical Interventions

Hormonal Medications: These can help manage symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pressure. Examples include:

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: Reduce estrogen and progesterone, causing fibroids to shrink.
  • Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD): Relieves heavy bleeding caused by fibroids.

Non-hormonal Medications: Aimed at symptom relief, not fibroid reduction. They include:

  • Tranexamic acid: Reduces heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Address pain associated with fibroids.

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE): A minimally invasive procedure, also known as uterine artery embolization, where small particles are injected into the arteries supplying the uterus, cutting off blood flow to fibroids and causing them to shrink.

Surgical Options

Myomectomy: A surgical procedure to remove fibroids while preserving the uterus, suitable if you wish to have children.

Hysterectomy: Complete removal of the uterus, ensuring fibroids cannot recur. This is a definitive solution but not suitable if you wish to conceive.

MRI-guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (FUS): A noninvasive option that uses high-frequency ultrasound waves to destroy fibroid tissue.

It’s important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best treatment for your specific situation.

Managing Fibroid Symptoms

Effective management of uterine fibroid symptoms involves a combination of medical treatments and lifestyle adjustments aimed at alleviating discomfort and reducing the impact on your daily life.

Medications and Non-Invasive Methods


  • Hormonal Medications: Certain types of birth control pills or other hormonal medications can help control heavy bleeding and painful periods.
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Agonists: These can help shrink fibroids and reduce symptoms.

Non-Invasive Methods:

  • Focused Ultrasound Surgery: An MRI-guided high-intensity ultrasound beam is used to heat and destroy small areas of fibroid tissue.
  • Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE): A radiologist uses a catheter to deliver small particles that block the arteries supplying blood to the fibroids, causing them to shrink.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Diet: Incorporating a diet rich in green vegetables and low in red meat may contribute to reducing fibroid symptoms.

Exercise: Regular moderate exercise can help manage symptoms related to fibroids such as pain and pressure.

By carefully considering your options in both medication and lifestyle, you can find a personal strategy to help manage the symptoms of your fibroids and improve your quality of life.

Fibroid Growth and Development

Uterine fibroids develop in various sizes and locations within your uterus, and their growth patterns can impact your body differently.

Size and Location Variability

Fibroids can vary significantly in size—from as small as a pea to as large as a grapefruit or even bigger. The size and number of fibroids in your uterus are variable. You might have a single fibroid or multiple growths. The location of the fibroids is also an important factor, as they may develop anywhere on the uterine tissue, either inside the cavity, within the wall, or on the outer surface. The impact on your health often relates directly to both the size and location of the growths.

  • Submucosal Fibroids: Growths just beneath the inner lining of the uterus.
  • Intramural Fibroids: Growths embedded within the uterine wall.
  • Subserosal Fibroids: Growths extending beyond the outer uterine wall.
  • Pedunculated Fibroids: Growths attached to the uterus by a stem.

Growth Patterns and Predictability

Fibroids exhibit unpredictable growth patterns. At times a fibroid grows rapidly, and in other instances, it may grow slowly over many years. It’s not always possible to predict how quickly or significantly a fibroid will grow. New fibroids may develop even after previous ones have been treated or removed. When fibroids grow large enough, they can cause noticeable symptoms and may require treatment. Tracking the growth of fibroids is significant for assessing potential treatment options as their growth rate and development impact your overall health strategy.

Long-Term Management

Managing uterine fibroids is a continuous process that often involves regular monitoring and proactive measures to prevent recurrence. Following initial treatment, it’s important to understand that fibroids can return and that ongoing care may be necessary to maintain your health and well-being.

Monitoring and Follow-Up Care

After fibroids are treated or removed, regular check-ups with your healthcare provider are essential. These appointments typically involve:

  • Pelvic examinations to detect changes in the size or shape of your uterus.
  • Ultrasound or MRI scans to monitor the fibroids’ status.

Adhering to a schedule for follow-up care helps ensure that any new fibroids or growth of existing ones are identified and managed promptly.

Recurrence and Prevention

Fibroids often shrink after menopause due to the natural decline in hormone levels. However, they can recur even after being treated or removed, especially if you’re premenopausal. To minimize the chance of recurrence:

  1. Lifestyle adjustments: Maintain a healthy diet and regular exercise to possibly reduce the risk.
  2. Medication regimen: Hormonal treatments can be prescribed to manage fibroid growth and symptoms.

Be aware that fibroids and adenomyosis are distinct conditions, although their management may sometimes overlap due to similarities in symptomatology and treatment options.

Contact Access Vascular Today for Non-Invasive Fibroid Treatment Options

If you’re experiencing uterine fibroid symptoms, like heavy menstrual bleeding or pelvic pain, know that non-surgical treatments are available that offer relief without major surgery. Access Vascular specializes in minimally invasive procedures, notably uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), which safely reduces fibroid symptoms. 

Why Choose UFE?

  • No surgical incisions: Reduces recovery time
  • Outpatient procedure: Return home the same day
  • Effective: Shown to significantly alleviate symptoms

Call Access Vascular today to discuss your specific needs. We will assist you in understanding the benefits of UFE and guide you through your treatment journey. Take control of your health today!

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