Understanding Uterine Fibroids

Does Uterine Artery Embolization for Fibroids Work?

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that develop in the muscle tissue of the uterus. Though they can vary in size and number, these growths are almost always benign. It’s important for you to know that having fibroids does not increase your risk of uterine cancer.


  • Many women will have fibroids during their lives, but not all will experience symptoms.
  • They are most common in women in their 40s and early 50s.


  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder


  • Genetics: Fibroids may be linked to certain genetic changes.
  • Hormones: Estrogen and progesterone hormones promote fibroid growth.


  • Intramural fibroids: Grow within the wall of the uterus; they are the most common.
  • Subserosal fibroids: Project to the outside of the uterus.
  • Submucosal fibroids: Bulge into the uterine cavity.

If you suffer from fibroids, know that you’re not alone. Many treatment options exist, and symptoms can be managed through medication or procedures like uterine artery embolization for fibroids. Remember, your healthcare provider is the best source for advice on how to manage your condition effectively.

Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) Procedure

Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) is a targeted, minimally invasive procedure designed to treat uterine fibroid tumors. The procedure blocks the blood supply to uterine fibroids, leading to their shrinkage and symptom improvement. 

Pre-Procedure Considerations

Before proceeding with UAE, you’ll undergo a thorough evaluation to determine if you’re a suitable candidate. This generally includes:

  • Medical history review: Ensures there are no health issues that may affect the procedure.
  • Imaging tests: MRI or ultrasound scans assess fibroid size, number, and location.

Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider and understand the potential risks and benefits.

Embolization Technique

During the UAE procedure:

  1. A radiologist makes a small incision, typically in your groin.
  2. A thin catheter is advanced to the uterine arteries using fluoroscopic guidance.
  3. Embolization material, commonly microspheres or particles, is injected to block the blood supply to the fibroids.
  4. As the fibroids no longer receive blood, they begin to shrink and symptoms often improve.

The procedure typically lasts about 90 minutes, and you are monitored throughout to ensure your comfort and safety.

Post-Procedure Recovery

After UAE, you may experience:

  • Monitoring: Short hospital stay for observation.
  • Pain management: Medications are provided to manage cramping or post-procedural pain.
  • Rest: Expect to take it easy for a few days following the treatment.
  • Follow-up: Scheduling follow-up appointments is important to monitor the outcomes of the procedure.

Most women notice symptom improvement within a few weeks, but full recovery may take up to a few months.

Effectiveness and Benefits of Uterine Artery Embolization

Uterine Artery Embolization is acknowledged for its effectiveness in providing relief from symptoms associated with uterine fibroids. By targeting the blood supply that nourishes these fibroids, UAE leads to a significant reduction in their size. This reduction is accomplished as small particles are introduced into the uterine arteries to create clots, effectively shrinking the fibroids by cutting off their blood flow.

Benefits of UAE include:

  • Minimally Invasive: Unlike surgical alternatives such as hysterectomy or myomectomy, UAE is less invasive.
  • Symptom Relief: You are likely to experience a marked decrease in fibroid-related symptoms, which may include heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain.
  • Recovery Time: The recovery period for UAE is generally shorter than that for traditional surgery.

Uterine fibroid embolization may present as a favorable option for you if you are seeking an effective treatment for uterine fibroids that avoids major surgery.

It is important to consult with your healthcare provider to discuss whether this procedure is appropriate for your specific medical condition. Each treatment has its own risks and benefits, and your doctor can provide guidance based on your health and personal preferences.

UAE Procedure Risks and Complications

When considering Uterine Artery Embolization for the treatment of fibroids, understanding the potential risks and complications is crucial for making an informed decision. Here’s what you need to be aware of:

Access Site Complications

  • Infections: Rarely, the site at which the catheter is inserted may become infected.
  • Hematoma: Blood may collect beneath the skin, causing a bruise or lump.

Procedure-Related Risks

  • Cramping: Post-procedure, you may experience cramping which usually subsides within a few hours.
  • Passing Fibroid Tissue: You might pass small pieces of fibroid tissue after the procedure, which can be mistaken for menstrual clots or tissue.

Impact on Uterine Arteries

  • Non-target Embolization: There’s a risk of particles blocking arteries that supply blood to areas outside the uterus.
  • Arteries Damage: The arteries that supply blood to the uterus can be injured, leading to complications.

General Complications

  • Menopause: Some women may experience early menopause as a consequence of the procedure.
  • Persistent Symptoms: Symptoms of fibroids, such as heavy bleeding, may continue post-procedure in some cases.

Remember that while these risks are potential concerns, UAE is generally considered a safe and less invasive alternative to surgical procedures like hysterectomy. It’s important to discuss with your healthcare provider the likelihood of these risks and how they may apply to your specific medical situation. Your provider can offer personalized insight into the procedure’s effectiveness and possible outcomes.

Comparison to Alternative Treatments

When you consider uterine artery embolization (UAE), it’s essential to weigh its effectiveness against other available treatments for symptomatic uterine fibroids, such as myomectomy and hysterectomy.

Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE): A minimally invasive procedure, UAE involves the blocking of the uterine arteries, reducing blood flow to fibroids, and causing them to shrink. Your recovery from UAE may be faster compared to surgical alternatives, and it is considered a uterine-sparing procedure, allowing for retention of the uterus.

Myomectomy: In contrast, a myomectomy involves the surgical removal of fibroids while leaving the uterus intact. This is a go-to option, especially if you have fertility concerns. However, it is more invasive than UAE, with a longer recovery time and greater risk of complications.

Hysterectomy: This surgical procedure entails the complete removal of the uterus and is a definitive solution for fibroids—fibroids cannot recur after a hysterectomy. But it is the most invasive option and is irreversible, ending your ability to bear children and possibly starting menopause if the ovaries are also removed.

The choice between these treatments depends on several factors:

  • Your desire for future pregnancies
  • The size and location of the fibroids
  • Your symptoms and health condition
  • Potential risks and benefits of each procedure
TreatmentInvasivenessUterus RetentionRecovery TimeImpact on Fertility
UAEMinimally invasiveRetainedShorterPossible effects
HysterectomyMost invasiveRemovedLongestNot possible

Your healthcare provider can help guide you through these options to determine which treatment aligns best with your personal health goals and circumstances.

Patient Criteria and Considerations for UAE

When you’re considering Uterine Artery Embolization for treating fibroids, several factors determine whether you’re an appropriate candidate:

  • Preservation of the Uterus: If you wish to preserve your uterus or are seeking alternatives to hysterectomy, UAE might be a suitable option for you.
  • Symptom Severity: You may consider UAE if you experience significant symptoms from fibroids, such as heavy menstrual bleeding or pelvic pain.

Fertility and Menopause Considerations:

  • Desire for Future Fertility: UAE is generally not recommended if you plan to conceive, as its effects on fertility are not fully understood.
  • Proximity to Menopause: If you’re approaching menopause, you might opt for UAE as fibroids typically shrink after menopause, and the procedure could provide relief in the interim.

Health and Medical History:

  • Allergies: Inform your doctor if you have any known contrast material allergies.
  • Existing Medical Conditions: Underlying medical issues may affect the procedure’s suitability or require special precautions.

Menstrual-Related Factors:

  • Menstrual Cycle: Heavy menstrual bleeding caused by fibroids can often be reduced through UAE.

In summary, the candidacy for UAE includes a desire to avoid hysterectomy, symptoms that significantly impact your quality of life, and the understanding that future fertility may be affected. Consult with your healthcare provider to assess your personal health profile and to determine if UAE aligns with your treatment goals.

Long-Term Outcomes and Follow-Ups

When you undergo uterine artery embolization for the treatment of fibroids, it’s important to monitor long-term outcomes through follow-up visits. These follow-ups ascertain the persistence or improvement of symptoms and check for any potential complications.

  • Post-Procedure Recovery: Initially, most patients are curious about when they can return to normal activities. Post-UAE, you can typically expect to resume normal activities within a week or two; however, this may vary depending on individual recovery.
  • Symptom Improvement: Over time, you should notice a reduction in fibroid-related symptoms, such as heavy periods and pelvic pressure. Studies indicate that symptom relief can be quite significant, leading to an improved quality of life.
  • Follow-Up Schedule: Your health care provider will likely recommend a series of follow-up visits. These are critical for monitoring your recovery process. The first visit often occurs within the first few weeks post-procedure, with subsequent visits at intervals such as six months and annually.
    • First follow-up: Within 4-6 weeks post-UAE
    • Subsequent visits: Typically at 6 months, 1 year, and then annually
  • Effectiveness: Long-term data suggests that UAE is effective for the majority of patients. Symptoms improve substantially for most, and this improvement remains stable over time.
  • Monitoring Complications: While UAE is generally safe, follow-up visits also serve to identify any complications. It’s very important to attend all scheduled appointments and report any unusual symptoms to your healthcare provider.

Regular follow-up visits after UAE are crucial for tracking your progress and ensuring the best possible outcomes. They allow you to confirm the resolution of symptoms and address any concerning issues promptly.

Consult with Our UAE Specialists on Non-Surgical Fibroid Treatment Today

Contact Access Vascular now for comprehensive details on Uterine Artery Embolization, a non-surgical intervention for fibroids ensuring minimal downtime and a quicker return to daily activities. Your path to recovery is our priority.

Similar Posts